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Summary: SharePoint 2019 brings significant improvements to the popular document storage and collaboration platform, making migration from SharePoint 2016 a compelling choice. SharePoint 2019 offers a modern UI, enhanced site experiences, improved security, and more storage options. This blog outlines the migration process, which involves creating a new SharePoint 2019 farm, copying databases, upgrading service applications, and finally, upgrading site collections. For those seeking a more straightforward solution, Kernel Migration for SharePoint is recommended, offering seamless migration between SharePoint versions, including OneDrive and File Server to SharePoint migrations.

Frequent SharePoint updates facilitate ongoing enhancements in this document storage and collaboration system. The latest advancement in this trajectory is the integration of a modern UI and site experience into SharePoint 2019, which has recently been unveiled. A common practice is to transition from the previous version of SharePoint to the latest iteration, with the SharePoint 2016 to SharePoint 2019 migration being particularly popular. This blog comprehensively covers all essential aspects of this migration, presenting a detailed step-by-step guide for the process.

SharePoint 2016 to SharePoint 2019 migration – Why?

The enhanced capabilities and functionalities introduced in the latest iteration of SharePoint 2019 make it an enticing proposition for current users of SharePoint 2016 to consider migrating to this updated version. This updated release delivers a contemporary site experience, enhanced management tools, bolstered security measures, and various other improvements, diverging from the conventional SharePoint 2016 with its classic site experience and standard feature set. This difference can be best understood with a quick SharePoint 2016 vs. SharePoint 2019 comparison.

What is New in SharePoint 2019?

Before you start to plan SharePoint 2019 migration, let us have a look at the new updates in the SharePoint 2019 version.

  • Modern Communication sites
  • Modern experience for sites and pages
  • More file storage
  • OneDrive.exe support for synchronization
  • More flexible character restrictions
  • Support to long URLs
  • Modern experiences to lists, libraries, team site, and web pages

Manual Way to Upgrade SharePoint 2016 to SharePoint 2019

Basic idea of migration – We will employ the database-attach approach, involving the creation of a fresh SharePoint farm within the target SharePoint environment. Subsequently, we will duplicate and transfer the content and service applications from SharePoint Server 2016 to the destination SharePoint, attaching them in the process, and executing the necessary upgrades. Following this, site collections will undergo an upgrade, overseen by site owners, as they transition from the source to the destination environment.

Things to Perform Before the Migration

  • Databases must be upgraded to 16.0.4351.1000 or higher version
  • The account used for creating web applications must be a member of the Farm administrators group of the Central Administration website.
  • The account for database attachment must be a member of the content databases db_owner fixed database roles.
  • SharePoint 2016 RTM version only is supported for the upgrade

Upgrade Procedure

Here is the complete SharePoint 2016 to SharePoint 2019 upgrade process.

  1. Creating a new SharePoint Server 2019 farm:
    The initial step involves the farm administrator’s installation of SharePoint 2019 on the new farm, following the verification of all prerequisites for web applications and servers. Subsequently, they must install database servers with a version of 2016 or newer and proceed to configure the farm settings.

    On the other hand, the server farm administrator of SharePoint 2016 needs to set database servers, web, and application servers to read-only status.

  2. Copying SharePoint Server 2016 databases to the new environment:
    During this phase, the SharePoint 2016 farm administrator employs SQL Server Management Studio to create backups of read-only set content and service application databases. These backups are subsequently made available for restoration by the SharePoint 2019 farm administrator via the SQL Server instance within the farm. Once the databases are successfully backed up, the SharePoint 2019 farm can transition to a state where it supports both read and write operations.
  3. Upgrading databases and service applications from SharePoint 2016:
    Presently, the farm administrator must undertake the setup of service applications, which encompass tasks such as configuring user profiles, securing the store service, optimizing search services, implementing PerformancePoint services, establishing business data connectivity, and managing metadata, among other responsibilities.

    The next task for the administrator is to create a web application in the new farm for every web application available in the SharePoint 2016 farm along with the installation of all server-side customizations.

    Next, the SharePoint 2016 farm’s content databases must be connected to the recently established SharePoint 2019 farm. These connected databases will then undergo an upgrade process, facilitated by Microsoft PowerShell commands, as they are associated with the newly created web applications within the SharePoint 2019 farm.

    Run these commands in the SharePoint Server 2019 farm for testing and then mounting.
    Test – SPContentDatabase
    Mount – SPContentDatabase

  4. Upgrading SharePoint Server 2016 site collections:
    In this final stage of the upgrade process, the server farm administrator upgrades the My Site host first and then will tell respective users to upgrade their My Sites progressively.

Hence, these were the four stages of upgrading your SharePoint 2016 to SharePoint 2019. You can give it a try.

Perform Easy SharePoint Migrations

If you value the efficient use of time and wish to execute a seamless SharePoint Migration swiftly, you undoubtedly need an alternative solution for the aforementioned upgrade process. Your ideal choice is none other than Kernel Migration for SharePoint. This tool addresses all your SharePoint Migration needs. This tool addresses all your SharePoint Migration requirements, facilitating the transfer of data from one SharePoint version to another with ease and automation. It effortlessly relocates site collections, pages, folders, documents, and more, offering a range of customization options. Additionally, Kernel Migration for SharePoint extends its support to various migration scenarios, including OneDrive migration, Google Drive migration, File Server to SharePoint migration, and more.

Conclusion

The migration to SharePoint Server 2019 offers numerous advantages to administrators, thanks to its contemporary site functionality and unique features. While seasoned server administrators can opt for the conventional upgrade route, it may prove challenging for newcomers or those seeking swift outcomes. In such instances, the dependable choice is the Kernel Migration for SharePoint tool.

Kernel Migration for SharePoint