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How to Repair MDF File?

Database corruption and inaccessibility of MDF files are serious issues faced by SQL administrators. They can affect the business operations and can even lead to revenue loss and reputation damage. So here we discuss the reasons behind SQL database corruption and common ways to repair MDF files.

Reasons for SQL corruption

MDF files of SQL database are prone to corruption. And there can be many reasons for the corruption of MDF files. They include hardware faults and issues with disks, subsystems, drivers, controllers, CPU or memory module. Software bugs, usage of older versions of Windows OS or SQL, keeping data or backups in compressed folders, non-exclusion of MDF files from anti-virus scanning, etc. also can cause SQL issues.

Repairing damaged MDF files

It is quiet easy to repair the damaged files. You can either chose to restore the MDF files from the last backup that your system had carried out or chose to execute the inbuilt DBCC CHECKDB command. Though it is easy to restore data from backup, backups may not be up-to-date always. So, it is always recommended to fix the corruption issues using DBCC CHECKDB command. And if the repair process is not a complete success, one can rely on professional MDF recovery tools too. We will discuss both the methods here.

Repairing using the DBCC CHECKDB Command

DBCC commands or Database Console Commands (in Transact-SQL) help to check the physical and logical consistency of a Microsoft SQL Server database, and also to fix existing issues. The DBCC CHECKDB command performs functions of three commands, namely DBCC CHECKALLOC, DBCC CHECKCATALOG and DBCC CHECKTABLE, thus avoiding the need to run these commands one by one.

The DBCC CHECKALLOC command is used to check disk space allocation structures for a database, and the DBCC CHECKTABLE to check the integrity of the pages and the structures that build indexed view or tables; the third of these DBCC CHECKCATALOG is used to check the consistency of an online database. The DBCC CHECKDB thus helps in fixing all SQL database consistency issues. For this, run the command in following syntax:


[ ( database_name | database_id | 0



) ]









[ , MAXDOP = number_of_processors ]




How to repair MDF files more easily?

Kernel for SQL Database Recovery a simple alternative to the manual solution for repairing MDF/NDF files. It can quickly recover every object of an MDF/NDF file. To know better, look at the working process of this tool:

  • STEP 1: On launching the tool, a welcome window will appear on your screen. Browse and select the SQL database file that you want to repair. Click “Recover.”

    Note: If you know the SQL database version, then check that checkbox, otherwise, check the checkbox “Auto detect database version.”

  • STEP 2: The process will take a few seconds, and once it is done, you’ll be able to see the recovered data on the left pane of the tool.
  • STEP 3: Click on any specific object on the left pane to preview its data before saving it.
  • STEP 4: Now, to save data, select the required objects and click on the “Save” button in the upper left corner of the tool. A new saving window will open on your screen displaying the “Saving Mode.” Fill the required fields and click “OK.”
  • STEP 5: The saving process will take some time. Once it is complete, a notification window will appear on the screen displaying “Saving done successfully.” Click “OK” to complete the process.

This way you can easily recover the corrupt MDF/NDF files without going through the hassles of the manual method.


Try it free    See Pricing


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How to Repair MDF File?

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