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Summary : The article delves into SQL database corruption, especially metadata issues. It discusses detection via DBCC CHECKCATALOG and manual fixes like backup restoration. It recommends Kernel for SQL Recovery, a user-friendly tool ensuring data integrity, making it a robust choice for SQL recovery, suitable for all users.

One of the challenges that every database administrator (DBA) inevitably encounters is database corruption. DBAs entrust critical data to SQL databases, which naturally expand in size over time. Whenever the SQL database gets corrupt, addressing this corruption is crucial as it not only damages metadata within the SQL server but also poses a significant risk to all the data stored in SQL.

In this article, we will explore different methods to resolve corruption errors. However, before delving into the solutions, it’s essential to understand Metadata and the factors leading to its corruption.

What is Metadata in SQL?

Metadata in SQL refers to “information related to other data,” or simply put, “data about data.” It encompasses all the details about an SQL database and can be accessed by running various commands or queries. sys.databases.

On running sys.databases, certain functions in SQL Server provide information about the SQL database; these functions are called Metadata functions. Some common metadata functions include::


Reasons Behind Metadata Corruption in SQL

Metadata corruption in SQL databases can occur when essential components such as the system, views, procedures, and functions become compromised. There are several other reasons behind this type of corruption, including:

  • Accidental deletion of data.
  • Updating software from old version to a newer version.
  • Malware/virus attack on the SQL Server.
  • Sudden system shutdown or power outage.
  • Due to data stored in compressed folders.

Now, all these reasons put metadata in SQL at high risk, so a DBA must take essential steps to get rid of these corruption errors.

How to Detect SQL Metadata Corruption?

Detecting database corruption in SQL can be accomplished using DBCC CHECKDB, which can help you locate errors within the current database. However, if you want to identify corruption specifically within metadata, you’ll need to utilize a different command:


This command is utilized to examine and identify metadata corruption in SQL. It checks the catalog’s consistency for the specified database. When the command is executed, a warning message will be displayed on the screen indicating any detected corruption in the metadata.

Methods to Fix SQL Database Corruption

Addressing corruption errors in metadata through manual methods is quite limited. The initial approach involves utilizing the backup and restore command, but this solution is effective only if you maintain regular backups of your SQL databases. Alternatively, the second method requires repairing the corrupted system tables within the SQL database to resolve the corruption errors. To safeguard your SQL database from metadata corruption, adhere to the following steps:

  • Shutdown the server and go to Advanced tab.
  • In the configuration manager, add ‘-m;’ to the start of the startup parameter string.
  • Start the server again and connect using DAC

However, this is not a reliable solution to fix corruption errors. So, you might use a third-party tool to fix the metadata corruption errors.

Alternate Solution – Kernel for SQL Recovery

Kernel for SQL Recovery stands out as the optimal solution for resolving metadata corruption errors. This SQL server recovery the tool not only resolves corruption errors but also restores all database objects to the SQL server. Designed with advanced algorithms, it provides users with additional features, such as:

  • Fix major corruption errors in SQL metadata
  • Repair corrupt SQL database files and restore to Live SQL server
  • Maintains the integrity of SQL database files
  • Restore all database objects like tables, functions, rules, views, indexes, etc.
  • Preview the recovered database objects before saving
  • Recover multiple SQL database files without any interruption
  • Suitable for all versions of SQL server including 2016/2014

These features establish Kernel for SQL Recovery as one of the top SQL recovery solutions. Moreover, utilizing this tool doesn’t demand specialized expertise; even non-technical users can operate it effortlessly.


Metadata plays a vital role in every table within a SQL database. When corruption affects the database due to various factors, manual attempts often fail to recover the entire data, including metadata. In such cases, employing Kernel SQL Database Repair software is essential. This tool ensures the comprehensive recovery of all database items, including metadata, allowing you to save the recovered data in a new MDF file.

Kernel for SQL Database Recovery