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Ways to Fix SQL Server Error “3417”

Megha Sharma Megha Sharma Updated On - 03 Apr 2020

SQL Server errors are quite talked about among the experts. And the users have many queries about them on a regular basis. Sometimes internal factors are responsible for the SQL Server errors but sometimes they get generated due to users’ activities. For example, it can cause an error after shifting SQL Server folder like (Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server\MSSQL11.MSSQLSERVER\MSSQL) from its original location to another location and then moving it back to the original location.

These issues ultimately affect the SQL Server database files (MDF and NDF) and deny users the access to them.

SQL Server Error 3417

Users often lodge their queries regarding the SQL Server Error with code number “3417”. The error happens when the user is trying to connect to the SQL Server. The error message displays like this.
SQL Server Error with code number 3417
'Windows could not start the SQL Server (MSSQLSERVER) service on local computer error 3417. For more information review the System Event Log.'

As the error message itself mentions, you should check the system event log to know the reason behind this error. Move to Event Viewer via SQL Server Management Studio by following the path:

Management >> Extended Events >> SQL Server Logs >> View >> SQL Server Log

Next, choose your Error log and check its details.

We are listing out the possible causes for the occurrence of this SQL Server Error 3417.

This error can occur when there is –

  • Intentional or unintentional modification in the Windows Settings (SQL Server folder shifting)
  • Compression of the folder in which SQL database files are residing
  • Inconsistent Network account for Data folder
  • Corruption in SQL Database files owing to hardware failure, virus intrusions, sudden supply down, etc.

These causes behind this error should not be ignored.

Some Simple Ways to Fix SQL Server Error 3417

We suggest you to try these free manual solutions in order to get relief from the annoying SQL Server Error 3417 which hinders in the access to the SQL Server data.

Decompress SQL Folders

If SQL Server folders is compressed, then it could be the cause behind this SQL Server Error 3417. To check it, follow the steps:

  1. First, move to the SQL Server Data folder location –
    C:\Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server\MSSQL.1\MSSQL\Data – for 32-bit Windows
    C:\Program Files(x86)\Microsoft SQL Server\MSSQL.1\MSSQL\Data – for 64-bit Windows
  2. Right-click on the folder containing the SQL database files (MDF and NDF) and click on the Properties option.
  3. In the opened Properties dialogue box, click on the Advanced button.Click on the advanced button
  4. Next, clear the checkbox Compress contents to save disk space. Then, click OK.Clear the checkbox Compress contents to save disk space
  5. Close the Properties dialogue box and try restarting or launching the SQL Server by connecting it from the Server Manager.

    Note: This method of decompressing the SQL Server folder is only applicable if you have compressed that folder or drive earlier at any point of time.

Assigning Network Service Permission to SQL Data Folder

This is another manual way using which you can fix SQL Server Error 3417. Use the following steps to grant network permissions to the folder containing the SQL Server files.

  1. Navigate to the SQL files folder using the location – C:\Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server\MSSQL.1\MSSQL\Data. Right click on the folder and click Properties option.
  2. In the Properties dialogue box, move to the Security tab.
  3. Select the Network Service account and assign Full control Permission under Permissions for Authenticated Users section and click on OK.
  4. Now, check after running the SQL Server instance if it starts without the error.

Repair Corrupt SQL Database Files

In some cases, the reason for this error would be the corrupted SQL Server database files.

Then the first step should be restoring SQL data from the most recent backup file using Microsoft SQL Server Management Studio. But, sometimes the SQL backup may not available or restoring SQL database from the backup may fail. In that case, the most feasible way is to repair the corrupt SQL database files. Though we have manual solutions including SQL Server commands like DBCC CHECKDB to repair corrupt SQL database files, they may not ensure the complete repair of database files. So, users may remain unsure about fixing this SQL Server Error 3417.

What Is the Best Fix For You?

In this article, we intend you to provide all the methods to fix SQL Server Error 3417. And after explaining the primary solutions for you, we conclude it with a professional solution which could be quite helpful for you. We are talking about the most efficiently programmed SQL Database Recovery tool known as the Kernel for SQL Database Recovery.

Download Software

The tool as its name suggests recovers highly corrupted SQL Database files. It recovers all SQL database objects precisely and displays it before saving to two destinations which are Live SQL Server or the Batch File. Kernel for SQL Database Recovery tool supports all SQL Server versions and can be tested with the free demo version on its software website. This powerful solution is capable to fix all SQL Server errors and issues in the SQL Server database files.

Wrapping Up

This blog explains the most viable manual solutions available for fixing the SQL Server error 3417. It also explains the limitations of manual repair method of SQL database files and recommends the most popular SQL Database Recovery tool.