The SharePoint database files store the data of various SharePoint sites or site collections. The SharePoint Product Configuration wizard creates the database automatically as soon as you start working on it.
Here is the following table which shows where the SharePoint Server can host the database.
|SharePoint Database||Hosted Platform|
|SharePoint Server 2019||SQL Server 2016 and SQL Server 2017.|
|SharePoint Server 2016||Microsoft SQL Server 2016 and SQL Server 2014 Service Pack 1 (SP1).|
|SharePoint Server 2013||SQL Server 2008 R2 Service Pack 1 (SP1) and SQL Server 2012.|
There are three types of database in the SharePoint Server which save different kind of content based on their functionalities.
The content-database saves the majority of your SharePoint data, and if you lose the database due to any corruption or unintentional deletion, then you can recover the data using three specific method:
To perform this action, the account should be a member of the Farm Administrators SharePoint Group. After ensuring this, follow the steps:
To perform this action, you should be a member of the securityadmin fixed server role group and db_owner fixed database role group, and Administrators Group. After ensuring this, use the below step:
Open the SharePoint Management Shell and run the command:
It accesses the backup file and restores the database from it.
Make sure that your SharePoint account is a member of sysadmin fixed server role. Then, you can perform the database restore using the following steps:
The methods mentioned above to recover the content database for SharePoint Server are dependent on the backup files. So, if you face database corruption to some recent data for which backup was not taken, then any of these methods may not work for you. Then, you should use Kernel for SharePoint Server Recovery software. It is an efficient recovery tool to repair the corrupt MDF database files. It supports all the version like SharePoint Server 2016, 2010, and 2007. While recovering, the software provides a clean preview and generates a report after a successful recovery.