Fix SQLite Database File is Locked Error

Aftab Alam
Aftab Alam | Updated On - 01 Dec 2021 |

Read time 5 minutes

A locked SQLite database stops the user from writing more transactions, and the tables are not updated or altered anymore. If you are facing the same problem, then you will get some simple solutions to remove error 5 and make the SQLite database functional.

Introduction

SQLite database system is developed with a C library. As it follows a weak SQL syntax, it has many issues related to its integrity.

Cause of the error

Normally, the error occurs when two users try to run transactions on the same tables and change the content. SQLite engine finds it abnormal and locks the database. Now, the user cannot run more transactions.

Different scenarios of SQLite Database Locked error

Here are the different scenarios and conditions that can affect the database and lock it:

  1. When a SELECT transaction is already activated on a table, you try a CREATE query.
  2. If the SELECT statement is pending, and you put a new CREATE or DROP statement. Generally, the user thinks that when SQLite gives SQLITE_DONE status, it means that the process is complete. But the overall changes are not completed until sqlite_finalize() or sqlite_reset() commands are run.
  3. When multiple threads access the same table and two or more SELECT queries try to access the same table, the engine may block some access and lock the database.

NOTE- Some users confuse SQLITE_LOCKED with SQLITE_BUSY status, but they are different. The BUSY status shows that two separate transactions are working on two different databases. When the queries are still processing, it shows the busy status. But, when two separate transactions try to run the query on the same database, it creates conflict, and the database engine locks the database. No further queries will work on a locked database.

How to remove SQLITE_LOCKED error?

The simple solution to remove the lock error is to use the backup copy of the same database. If you have taken the backup file of SQLite, then you can restore it at the database engine and remove the locked one. Follow the below process-
Suppose your database name is Administrator.sqlite
$Sqlite Administrator.Sqlite
Sqlite> .backup main BackupAdmin.Sqlite
Sqlite> .exit
In the same directory, you will have the same backup file with the BackupAdmin name. You should replace the backup database with the primary database.
$mv Administrator old.Sqlite
$mv BackupAdmin.Sqlite Administrator.Sqlite
After the successful completion of the queries, the backup file will replace the locked database. As the backup file does not have any lock, it will be ready for the new transactions and queries by the user. Restoring database files from a backup file is the best practice to recover SQLite Database Files that have become corrupt.

Professional solution to the SQLite database locked error

When you have not taken the backup of the database, the above-mentioned manual solution is not feasible for you. You should use professional software to scan the database and recover it. Kernel SQLite Database Recovery can help you in recovering the database without any corruption, deletion, or locking. It is among the best 6 SQLite Database Recovery tool in the market available today.

download

    1. After you install the software, you can start it in the Application Menu. Here, you can see that it has various sections. Click Open.Click Open
    2. Click the Browse button in the Database Selection wizard.Selection wizard
    3. Choose the database from its location, then click Recover.click Recover
    4. After scanning the database, there will be a clean preview of database items. You can check the table on which the database was locked. Click Save.Click Save
    5. Click Browse in the Output Folder wizard.Click Browse in the Output Folder wizard
    6. Choose a folder where you will save the database file. The folder should be accessible, and there should be enough space in the drive to save large database files. Click OK.
    7. Click OK in the wizard after selecting the folder.Click OK in the wizard after selecting the folder
    8. The database objects are saved quickly.The database objects are saved quickly
    9. A successful message shows that the saving process is completed. Click OK.

Now, you should go to the database engine and check the functional aspects of the resultant database.

Conclusion

There are different ways to fix SQLite issues. SQLite offers help to its users using its technical forum where the user can ask questions and seek answers. Also, there is a published error list that contains various errors and their solutions. Kernel SQLite database repair software helps when SQLite corruption occurs and deletes various items. If you face a situation where a database is locked and you do not have any backup copy, use our software and recover SQLite data. The software supports all the SQLite database extensions for recovery and saves data in the same format.